T-Mobile’s low-band 5G network is now live “nationwide” on its 600MHz spectrum. It’s the first “layer” of what Neville Ray, the company’s chief technology officer, calls a “5G layer cake” comprised of widespread low-band 600MHz, the company’s midband 2.5GHz holdings, and high-band mmWave at the top. Compatible devices are already widely available.
But wait, what is 5G, anyway? The fifth generation of wireless networks, or 5G, has been nearly a decade in the making, and it’s finally becoming a reality. Promising dramatically faster speeds, instantaneous communication, and the ability to network everything, 5G has incredible potential. With 600MHz 5G already nationwide, most T-Mobile customers already have access to some form of 5G — albeit speeds may vary widely depending on where you are.
T-Mobile says it plans to work on its mid- and high-band deployments in earnest in 2021. Here’s everything you need to know about T-Mobile’s 5G network.
T-Mobile 5G plans
T-Mobile doesn’t charge extra to access 5G on its plans — 5G coverage is simply part of what it offers, as long as you have a compatible phone and coverage in your area. That applies to all of its postpaid plans, including the Essentials plan, Magenta plan, and Magenta Plus plan.
T-Mobile Essentials is the company’s cheapest postpaid plan. It starts at $60 per line for one line, though if you add more lines, you can get it for as little as $23 per line. Through Essentials, you’ll get unlimited talk, text, and data — however your speeds may be throttled at times. You’ll also get unlimited 3G hot spot data.
T-Mobile Magenta is the first step up from Essentials. With one line, you’ll pay $70, however, with more lines, you can get that price down to $28 per line. Magenta offers all the same features as Essentials, but if you have two lines or more, you’ll get a free Basic Netflix subscription. You’ll also get 3GB of 4G hot spot data that will be throttled down to 3G after you hit that cap — but you’ll get unlimited hot spot data on 3G. Other features include international data and texting, as well as an hour of Wi-Fi on Gogo Inflight internet.
Last but not least is T-Mobile’s Magenta Plus. Magenta Plus starts at $85 for one line, however, prices can drop down to $36 per line if you add more lines. Magenta Plus steps up the Netflix subscription to Standard, and gives users 20GB of hot spot data.
For more about T-Mobile’s plans, check out our full guide.
T-Mobile 5G coverage
T-Mobile has built a significant portion of its 5G network using its 600MHz spectrum, and in fact, T-Mobile was the first to launch a nationwide 5G network using this spectrum. The company has long maintained that at a nationwide scale, high-band (mmWave) 5G isn’t feasible. As part of its merger with Sprint, T-Mobile does have plans to “refarm” (the industry’s word for repurposing) Sprint’s vast midband 2.5GHz holdings for 5G use, and while that has started, it will be a gradual process. The same applies to the company’s high-band multi-GHz mmWave rollout, simply because of the scale and the need for thousands of mini towers across a city.
As a result, T-Mobile customers will find themselves on the low-band Sub-6 5G network more often than not. It’s currently available across the country, including in many rural locations. People in urban areas will increasingly be able to connect to the company’s midband spectrum. According to Ray, peak speeds of 600Mbps are already being delivered to customers in cities like Philadelphia.
Small pockets of cities (think individual blocks) will deliver up to 1Gbps 5G download speeds. Digital Trends has tested Verizon’s mmWave 5G network in Chicago, and the experience should be similar on T-Mobile’s mmWave network.
So what can you expect? In areas covered by T-Mobile’s 600MHz 5G network, you should see download speeds regularly around 200 to 300Mbps, which for many rural areas is a massive improvement over LTE. The difference might be less noticeable in suburban areas where 4G networks were already more robust.
Many suburban areas and cities will have access to T-Mobile’s new 2.5GHz 5G network. Here, download speeds are already surpassing 500Mbps, and will likely improve over the coming months and years. Those living in urban areas will have access to mmWave, and will regularly see speeds surpassing 1Gbps.
T-Mobile 5G phones
T-Mobile offers a range of phones that connect to its 5G network. In fact, most of the mid-range and high-end phones being released right now offer access to 5G. If you’re on T-Mobile and planning on buying a phone that costs more than $500 or so, it may be worth making sure that it has 5G access if you plan on keeping it for more than a year or two.
Here’s a quick rundown of some of the best 5G-capable phones on T-Mobile.
- — $830 ($34.59 per month)
- — $1,000 ($41.67 per month)
- — $700 ($29.17 per month)
- — $1,200 ($50 per month)
- — $500 ($20.84 per month)
You can read more about the best 5G phones with our full guide.
Sprint merger’s effect on its 5G network
Many industry analysts thought that T-Mobile’s merger with Sprint would primarily be a net benefit for long-suffering Sprint customers. Sprint had a less-than-stellar network to put it mildly, and T-Mobile got to work shortly after the merger to address this problem.
While T-Mobile customers are benefiting from the hordes of midband spectrum held by the company, Sprint customers are also benefiting from T-Mobile’s far more expansive network. The company already opened up its LTE network to Sprint customers, significantly improving coverage. If you have the Samsung Galaxy S20 5G smartphone, T-Mobile is also opening up its 600MHz 5G network to these customers as we speak.
That is welcome news, for sure. But with the merger done, expect T-Mobile to roll out mid- and high-band 5G aggressively. The company commands a massive amount of spectrum, and Ray and others have long maintained that the moment the merger was complete, it would work quickly to merge the networks.
According to multiple statements, the whole process is expected to take about two years and will triple 5G capacity.
“By 2024, the new T-Mobile network will have approximately double the total capacity and triple the total 5G capacity of T-Mobile and Sprint combined, with 5G speeds four to six times what they could achieve on their own,” T-Mobile said in a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
T-Mobile is vowing not to raise prices as a result of the merger, with former T-Mobile CEO John Legere saying that the company would not raise rates for three years. The merger could also result in lower prices.